By B. G. Bagley (auth.), J. Tauc (eds.)
Solid country physics after fixing so effectively many basic difficulties in excellent or a bit of imperfect crystals, attempted lately to assault difficulties linked to huge disease with the purpose to appreciate the results of the inability of the long-range order. Semiconductors are even more replaced by way of ailment than metals or insulators, and seem to be the main compatible fabrics for basic paintings. enormous exploratory paintings on amorphous and liquid semiconductors was once performed by means of the Leningrad university because the early fifties. lately, a lot examine in different nations was once directed to deepen the certainty of the structural, digital, optical, vibrational, magnetic and different right ties of those fabrics and to potentially strategy the current point of less than status of crystalline semiconductors. This attempt used to be prompted not just by way of merely medical curiosity but in addition via the opportunity of new purposes from which reminiscence units within the basic experience are might be the main not easy. The study met with severe problems that are absent in crystals.
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Extra resources for Amorphous and Liquid Semiconductors
34). A recent application of small angle X-ray scattering is for the determination of phase separation kinetics. Rundman and Hilliard (1967) noted the correspondence between the composition fluctuations corresponding to Cahn's solution to the diffusion equation and the small angle scattering intensity which results from these composition (Le. electron density) fluctuations (Eq. 34). 35) Here R'(ko) is the amplification factor of Eq. 30) (b = k o)' t the time, and I(ko'O) the initial intensity. Thus R'(ko) can be determined by measuring the time evolution of the scattered X-ray intensity.
Electron density) fluctuations (Eq. 34). 35) Here R'(ko) is the amplification factor of Eq. 30) (b = k o)' t the time, and I(ko'O) the initial intensity. Thus R'(ko) can be determined by measuring the time evolution of the scattered X-ray intensity. Kinetic studies of phase separation in Na20-Si02 glasses by Andreev et al. (1970a, 1970b) and Tomozawa et al. (1970) gave qualitative agreement with theory. 14 is shown the results of Andreev et al. (1970a) for the time evolution of the scattered intensity as a function ofk o ' These 36 B.
1971), Pearson and Bagley (1971 )). This effect has been used to write holograms (Brandes et al. (1970)) and discrete images (Feinleib et al. (1971)) with lasers, and the optical memory aspects of this transformation are treated in Chapter 6. Keneman (1971) and Omachi and Igo (1972) have reported writing highefficiency holograms in vapor deposited thin films of AS2 S3' Because the crystallization kinetics (without a composition change) of AS2S 3 are so slow, the photo induced change is not likely a thermally induced crystallization.