By Fred R. Glahe
An Inquiry into the character and explanations of the Wealth of countries is the magnum opus of the Scottish economist Adam Smith. it's a in actual fact written account of economics on the sunrise of the commercial Revolution, in addition to a rhetorical piece written for the commonly informed person of the 18th century - advocating a unfastened industry economic system as extra efficient and more effective to society.The paintings is credited as a watershed in heritage and economics as a result of its accomplished, mostly exact characterization of financial mechanisms that live to tell the tale in sleek economics; and in addition for its powerful use of rhetorical procedure, together with structuring the paintings to distinction genuine global examples of loose and fettered markets.---Исследование о природе и причине богатства народов (англ. An Inquiry into the character and motives of the Wealth of countries) — основная работа шотландского экономиста Адама Смита, опубликованная nine марта 1776 года во времена Шотландского просвещения.Книга оказала значительное влияние на экономическую теорию и в частности на политическую экономию.Ещё при жизни Адама Смита книга выдержала пять изданий в Англии (в 1776, 1778, 1784, 1786 и 1789), была издана во Франции (первый перевод в 1779 году) и в Германии. Огромное количество изданий было сделано после смерти Смита (1790 год).Трактат состоит из five книг:
Причины увеличения производительности труда и порядок, в соответствии с которым его продукт естественным образом распределяется между классами народа;
О природе капитала, его накоплении и применении;
О развитии благосостояния у разных народов;
О системах политической экономии;
О доходах монарха или государства.
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Extra resources for Adam Smith - An Inquiry Into The Nature And Causes Of The Wealth Of Nations
The quantity brought thither will soon be sufficient to supply the effectual demand. All the different parts of its price will soon sink to their natural rate, and the whole price to its natural price. The natural price, therefore, is, as it were, the central price, to which the prices of all commodities are continually gravitating. Different accidents may sometimes keep them suspended a good deal above it, and sometimes force them down even somewhat below it. But whatever may be the obstacles which hinder them from settling in this centre of repose and continuance, they are constantly tending towards it.
But there is no country in which the whole annual produce is employed in maintaining the industrious. The idle everywhere consume a great part of it; and, according to the different proportions in which it is annually divided between those two different orders of people, its ordinary or average value must either annually increase or diminish, or continue the same from one year to another. CHAPTER VII. OF THE NATURAL AND MARKET PRICE OF COMMODITIES. There is in every society or neighbourhood an ordinary or average rate, both of wages and profit, in every different employment of labour and stock.
In France, a seignorage of about eight per cent. is imposed upon the coinage, and the French coin, when exported, is said to return home again, of its own accord. The occasional fluctuations in the market price of gold and silver bullion arise from the same causes as the like fluctuations in that of all other commodities. The frequent loss of those metals from various accidents by sea and by land, the continual waste of them in gilding and plating, in lace and embroidery, in the wear and tear of coin, and in that of plate, require, in all countries which possess no mines of their own, a continual importation, in order to repair this loss and this waste.