Acid-Base and Electrolyte Handbook for Veterinary by Angela Randels-Thorp, David Liss

By Angela Randels-Thorp, David Liss

Acid-Base and Electrolyte guide for Veterinary Technicians provides a simple to appreciate but accomplished method of acid-base and electrolyte balance.

  • Covers the body structure of fluids and their impression on acid-base and electrolyte balance
  • Offers special details on dealing with acid-base and electrolyte derangements in disease
  • Includes entry to a significant other site with case experiences and a number of selection questions

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Extra info for Acid-Base and Electrolyte Handbook for Veterinary Technicians

Sample text

It is seen as a result of a laboratory analyzer’s error in older machines that utilize flame photometry to determine sodium levels. In the presence of extremely high levels of lipids or proteins, these analyzers overestimate the proportion of plasma present in the blood sample and consequently miscalculate the volume of sodium, giving a reading that is lower than it truly is. This error is not seen in more modern analyzers that utilize direct ion‐selective electrodes to measure sodium (Nelson, Delaney, & Elliot 2009; DiBartola 2012).

This will cause an influx of fluid into the ICF, causing cerebral edema to occur. com Chapter 2: Disorders of Sodium 31 dissipation of these solutes and normalization of fluid balance between the ICF in the brain and the ECF of the body. The primary focus for treatment is to correct the volume deficit, if present, and identify and treat the underlying cause. 9% NaCl should be selected for initial volume replacement (DiBartola 2012). In cases of severe chronic hypernatremia, fluid sodium levels may need to be adjusted to closer match the patient’s current sodium level during the rehydration period.

Hopper (eds), Small Animal Critical Care Medicine. St Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier: 311–313. Hillier, T. , Abbott, R. , & Barrett, E. J. (1999). Hyponatremia: Evaluating the correction factor for hyperglycemia. American Journal of Medicine 106(4): 399–403. King, J. D. & Rosner, M. H. (2010). Osmotic demyelination syndrome. American Journal of the Medical Sciences 339(6): 561–7. Kochevar, D. T. & Scott, M. M. (2013). Principles of acid‐base balance: Fluid and electrolyte therapy. In: J. E. Riviere & M.

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