A New Crystal for Wave-Length Measurements of Soft X-Rays by Pauling L.

By Pauling L.

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The solipsist answers: “No, there wasn’t even a tree unless I experienced it. ” In this regard, we quote philosopher Woody Allen: “What if everything is an illusion, and nothing exists? ” We’ll see that the intrusion of the conscious observer into the quantum experiment jolts our Newtonian worldview so dramatically that the philosophical issues of realism, materialism, idealism—even silly solipsism—come up for discussion. Separability Renaissance science with its Aristotelian basis was replete with mysterious connectivities.

He was a retired engineer. Moving from retirement to nonexistence was a small step. Determinism gets personal: Are your seemingly free choices actually predetermined? According to Isaac Bashevis Singer, “You have to believe in free will. ” We have a paradox: Our perception of free will conflicts with the determinism of Newtonian physics. What about free will before Newton? No problem. In Aristotle’s physics even a stone followed its individual inclination as it rolled down the hill in its own particular way.

If planets were pushed by angels, and rocks fell because of their innate desire for the cosmic center, if seeds sprouted by craving to emulate mature plants, who could deny the influence of other occult forces? Or that the phases of the moon, or incantations, might be relevant? The flu, its full name “influenza,” is so named because it was originally explained in terms of a supernatural influence. By contrast, in the Newtonian worldview, Nature was a machine whose workings, though incompletely understood, need be no more mysterious than the clock whose gears are not seen.

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