A Mediterranean Emporium: The Catalan Kingdom of Majorca by David Abulafia

By David Abulafia

The Catalan country of Majorca was once demonstrated below the need of King James I of Aragon, who conquered Majorca in 1229, however it was once governed from 1276 to 1343 by way of a cadet dynasty. the dominion incorporated the major company facilities of Montpellier and Perpignan, and different lands in what's now southern France. It used to be domestic to special Jewish and Muslim groups, and was once the point of interest of immigration from Catalonia, Provence and Italy. This ebook emphasizes the foremost variations within the exchange of the Balearic Islands from the eve of the Catalan conquest to the Black loss of life, and the impression of the kingdom's construction and death at the economic climate of the sector.

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36 Regional sources of supply varied from the mountains of Cyrenaica in modern Libya to Black Africa, but the Balearics were well placed to act as a clearing house for this trade and for the accompanying and lucrative business of ransoming captives. Mallorca also increased in importance as a way-station along a fragile and extenuated sea-route from Italy through the Straits of Gibraltar to Seville, northern Spain, Gascony, England and Flanders. 37 A Mallorcan woollen cloth industry began to develop in the early fourteenth century, really taking off around 1350, and remaining quite successful until the fifteenth century, by when exports of Mallorcan and Menorcan raw wool had also become a major feature of the islands' economy.

11 His research on Majorca was the product of serendipity: stuck in Paris, in the Archives Nationales, during the Prussian siege of 1871, he diverted his attention from current horrors by delving into the history of the second dynasty of Anjou-Provence, established in the late fourteenth century by Louis I, unsuccessful claimant to any number of thrones: Sicily and Naples, Jerusalem, Sardinia and Majorca itself. In the vast mass of Angevin documentation he found what appeared to be the royal archive of Majorca, carried away to Montpellier and later to northern France after the loss of the Balearics and the Pyrenean counties in 1343-4.

In the vast mass of Angevin documentation he found what appeared to be the royal archive of Majorca, carried away to Montpellier and later to northern France after the loss of the Balearics and the Pyrenean counties in 1343-4. In fact, this consisted of a large number of transcriptions, and some originals (which lie mostly in the Bibliotheque Nationale), which had as their purpose the demonstration that Majorca was a separate kingdom from Aragon-Catalonia; the aim was to provide a secure legal basis for the revival by Louis I of the now vanished Majorcan state.

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