A Hybrid Theory of Metaphor: Relevance Theory and Cognitive by Markus Tendahl

By Markus Tendahl

A scary new method of how we comprehend metaphors completely evaluating and contrasting the claims made by means of relevance theorists and cognitive linguists. The ensuing hybrid idea exhibits the complementarity of many positions in addition to the necessity and threat of attaining a broader and extra life like concept of our understanding.

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Thus, manifest assumptions need not have been represented before, although, of course, they may have been, and furthermore they may be the outcome of a non-logical process. It is non-logical because the spontaneous selection of premises in inference does not follow logical rules. The second part of the whole process, however, is logical, as the conclusion is the result of a deduction based on those randomly selected premises. e. an interpretive hypothesis, this hypothesis can be confirmed or rejected by the hearer.

Making manifest or more manifest a set of assumptions is a first-order metarepresentation, because the addressee forms a representation (a private, mental one) of a representation (a public utterance). In addition to an informative intention, a communicator has a communicative intention. Thus, intentional communication by ostension means producing a certain stimulus with the aim of fulfilling an informative intention and on top of that a communicative intention, which is the intention ‘to make it mutually manifest to audience and communicator that the communicator has this informative intention’ (Sperber and Wilson 1986: 61).

17) (18) (19) (20) (21) (22) Noam Chomsky is fiercely opposed to conservative politics. Ronald Reagan is known for his very conservative politics. People who do not like each other’s politics do not like each other. Noam Chomsky and Ronald Reagan do not like each other. People who do not like each other are not interested in joint spare time activities. People who do not like each other are not interested in playing billiards together. From these assumptions I can deduce the following conclusion: (23) Noam Chomsky and Ronald Reagan never played billiards together.

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