A Dictionary of Grammatical Terms in Linguistics by R. L. Trask

By R. L. Trask

This dictionary of grammatical phrases covers either present and conventional terminology in syntax and morphology. It comprises descriptive phrases, the key theoretical innovations of the main influential grammatical frameworks, and the manager phrases from mathematical and computational linguistics. It includes over 1500 entries, offering definitions and examples, pronunciations, the earliest resources of phrases and recommendations for additional analyzing, and proposals approximately competing and conflicting usages. The ebook makes a speciality of non-theory-boumd descriptive phrases, that are prone to stay present for a few years.
Aimed at scholars and lecturers of linguistics, it permits a reader wondered by means of a grammatical time period to appear it up and find extra analyzing comfortably.

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Cenair, theories of grammar. notably thos€ characlefizedas dep€nd€nc] grsmmars,declineto recognrzethe existcnceof constiluentstructure at aI. r€€. essentiallY anllYsis. constituenl immediste c e e c c c c c c c c e constraint Aan'streht/ n. Any formal limitatior, on the range of application of some giammalical rute or ruies. parlicularly one c which refers crucially to rho possibieinpuls lo such nrl€s. o$trebts of Ross ( l%7) or the Subjscrncy Condltion of e GB. 'the formulation of conslrairis on rules has been incrcasinglyregardedas imporrantin recenrycani wilhin GB.

R. L. kjn/ r. 1. A closed leical category, or a lexical item belonging to this category, whose memb€rs serve to constuct coordinate structures, such as ard, or and bur in English. 2. In traditiooal grammar, a much larger category consisting of the modern categoriesConjunction, Complementizerand Subordinator. This traditional category is no longer recognized h linguistics, but it is still usedin many reputabledictionariesand texlbooK. 3. Sce coordiuae structure. coqiunction reduclion /fl'd^kjn/ r.

Counterfactual /,kountefakrjuai/ ,l. t. Scc rhe dis,'ussion under conditionals€nrrnce. 67 2 ? 'gr:riel/ n. A generalizationwhich applicsto Inor. permit following N'-Pcomplementswhich must stand in thc obiecti\e casc. Many lersions of the X-bar systemattemPtto f',*iLl( nn thi. e clcmenls,thc mostusualsuchelemcntsbcingcalted'substan (nc (or'nomioal) and predicalive . ures). This decomposiPlatoristic and respcctnclf IN] IVl. ntacticcalcgoricsto meresubcategories a single catcgor!. It has. bowevcr.

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