By by Susan Smythe Kung.
This dissertation is a entire description of the grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua (HT), that is a member of the Totonacan language kinfolk. HT is spoken via fewer than 1500 humans in and round the city of Huehuetla, Hidalgo, within the japanese Sierra Madre mountains of the important Gulf Coast sector of Mexico. This grammar starts with an advent to the language, its language family members, and its environment, in addition to a short background of my touch with the language. The grammar keeps with an outline of the phonology of HT, through morphosyntactic and syntactic description of the entire significant components of speech, together with verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and numbers; the grammar concludes with an outline of the sentence-level syntax. A compilation of interlinearized texts looks within the appendix. HT is a polysynthetic, head-marking language with advanced verbal morphology. Inflectional affixes contain either prefixes and suffixes for which a templatic trend is tough to version. as well as inflectional and derivational morphology, HT verbs also are host to a number of aspectual derivational morphemes, each one of which alters the that means of the verb in a really particular manner. Plural marking on either nouns and verbs for any 3rd individual argument is non-compulsory and decided through an animacy hierarchy, that is extensively utilized to figure out verbal argument marking in a variety of morphosyntactic buildings. HT nouns are thoroughly unmarked for case, and sure nouns, together with kinship phrases and elements of a complete, are obligatorily possessed. The order of the key elements is pragmatically made up our minds, with a bent in the direction of VSO order within the absence of pragmatic or contextual clues and SVO order in context-rich textual examples. HT is an under-documented moribund language that's at coming near near chance of extinction in the subsequent two-to-three generations. hence, this dissertation is a big contribution not just to the sphere of linguistics, but in addition to the Tepehua those who may possibly sooner or later have an interest within the language in their grandparents. Read more...
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Additional info for A descriptive grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua
Choosing a way to represent the HT vowels in my practical orthography was less problematic since there are only five that are qualitatively distinct: /i, e, a, o, u/. I chose to represent vowel length by doubling the vowel character—as in xkaan ‘water’—rather than by following the vowel with a colon—as in xka:n. This was a purely aesthetic decision on my part, based first on my principal consultant’s dislike for the vowel-colon combination and secondly on my own tendency to read a colon as in when reading Tepehua words that were handwritten.
The following examples in (4) account for all such examples in my database. I have no examples in which /q/ co-occurs with a glottalized affricate. (4) soqch 7aqtz jaqtz loqtz [sqt] [aqts] [haqts] [lqts] ‘straight’ ‘pillow’ ID: ‘sobbing sound’ ID: ‘sound of applause’ The alveolar stop /t/ is articulated as the dental stop [t5] word initially, word finally, and intervocalically, as seen below in (5). (5) a. ts’u] ‘belly button’ b. nut5] ‘heart’ c. n] ‘buttocks’ Glottalized Stops /p’/, /t’/, and /k’/ The HT /p’/ and /t’/ are phonetically closer to the implosive stops  and , respectively, while the /k’/ is a voiceless ejective stop [k’].
Each family has a plot of land outside the village where they grow the above-mentioned crops. During the time of my fieldwork (2000-2001), the price of coffee had dropped so low that many of the Tepehua had decided that it was not worth the effort to pick the beans from the coffee bushes. Instead many of the men found work in Tulancingo or Mexico City, and some crossed over into the United States in search of work. The people of Huehuetla are predominantly Catholic with a large protestant community, as well.